1.0 Organization, Purposes, and General Powers
The name of this organization shall be the American Institute of Professional
Geologists, hereinafter referred to as the "Institute" or “AIPG.”
The Institute is a not-for-profit 501(c)(6) membership corporation organized under the laws of the State of Colorado.
The Institute shall be divided into Sections, each of which shall consist of no fewer than ten Members, of whom no fewer than five are Certified Professional Geologists. Sections shall be chartered only upon application to, and approval by, the Executive Committee. By majority vote, the Executive Committee may revoke the charter of a Section.
The Institute's seal shall be as illustrated in Figure 1.
The purposes of the Institute shall be to:
The Institute shall establish standards of education, experience, and professional conduct to protect the public from unprofessional practices, shall monitor governmental and other activities affecting the geological sciences, and shall communicate with the public.
2.0. Members and Adjuncts
The Institute shall consist of individual Members and Adjuncts and Corporate Members who subscribe to the Code of Ethics of the Institute. Members of the Institute shall be geological scientists who meet the Institute's standards of education, experience, and integrity, as each is defined in the Bylaws. Adjuncts of the Institute shall be either students who are pursuing a course of study in the geological sciences or others who have an avocational or general interest in the geological sciences, and corporations.
2.2. Categories of Members and Adjuncts
The categories of Members shall be: Certified Professional Geologist (CPG), Nationally Licensed Geologist (NLG), Honorary Member, Professional Member, Young Professional Member, Emeritus Member, and Non-Practicing Member. Certified Professional Geologists, Nationally Licensed Geologists, Professional Members and Young Professional Members shall all have voting rights. Unless otherwise defined, reference to Members within these Bylaws includes the said categories. In addition to the Member categories, there shall be two categories of Adjuncts, namely Students and Associates. Neither Students nor Associates shall have voting rights within the Institute, except that Students shall have voting rights within their respective Student Chapters. Beginning on February 14, 2003, each person who, on the previous day, was categorized as a Certified Professional Geologist shall continue in that category; each person who on the previous day was categorized as a Registered Member shall be categorized as a Professional Member; each person who was categorized as a Candidate for Certification shall be categorized as a Professional Member; and all Certified Professional Geologists, Professional Members, and Young Professional Members shall be Members of the Institute. Beginning on the same day, requirements for each category of Member shall be as defined herein in Articles 2.3 through 2.3.7, inclusive.
2.3. Requirements to be an Individual Member or Adjunct
The requirements to be an individual Member or Adjunct of the Institute shall include education, experience, and a record of personal integrity, as set forth in the following paragraphs. The interpretation and application of such requirements shall be within the sole discretion of the Executive Committee, which may in its judgment (1) adopt and publish higher or additional requirements, and (2) for Members: accept licensure or registration as a geologist in a jurisdiction whose requirements are deemed by the Executive Committee to be similar, or equivalent. Any Registered/Certified/Licensed Geologist, or similar designation, granted or recognized by any State or Territory of the United States or of the District of Columbia or a province or Territory of Canada or any other jurisdiction or authority which, at the time, is approved for this purpose by the Executive Committee is eligible to become a Member of AIPG. Each applicant to become a Member or Adjunct shall affirm adherence to the AIPG Code of Ethics and shall provide an endorsement from a Member of the Institute or, in the case of Students, a professor, as designated on the appropriate application form.
2.3.1. Requirements to be a Certified Professional Geologist
Certified Professional Geologists constitute the highest grade of individual membership within the Institute and applicants are screened for required education, experience, and character. Only Certified Professional Geologists can hold designated positions within the Institute.
Any person whose application for certification as a Certified Professional Geologist was received prior to May 14, 2005 and who has met the requirements for such certification as they existed on the day that such person's application was received shall be categorized as a Certified Professional Geologist upon approval pursuant to the procedures in effect on the day prior to the date the application was received.
Beginning on May 14, 2005, the requirements for certification as a Certified Professional Geologist shall:
Applicants for Certified Professional Geologist shall affirm their adherence to applicable professional and ethical standards and shall provide acceptable references from either (1) at least three professional geologists who have personal knowledge of the applicant's qualifications, integrity, and conduct, at least two of whom are Certified Professional Geologists, or (2) a professional society that is specifically recognized for this purpose by the Executive Committee. In extraordinary circumstances, as an alternative to all or part of the foregoing, the Executive Committee may require acceptable references from no fewer than six professional geologists who have personal knowledge of the applicant's qualifications, integrity, and conduct.
2.3.2. Requirements to be a Nationally Licensed Geologist
Applicants for the title “Nationally Licensed Geologist” or “NLG” shall”
2.3.3. Requirements to be an Honorary Member
A Member may be designated as "Honorary" by the Executive Committee upon meeting requirements established by the Executive Committee for “Honors and Awards.” The Executive Committee shall have the authority to reduce or waive dues payments for Honorary Members, individually or as a category.
2.3.4. Requirements to be a Professional Member
Professional Members shall normally hold a baccalaureate or higher degree in a geological science but are not otherwise screened prior to acceptance. The requirements to be a Professional Member shall include:
2.3.5. Requirements to be a Young Professional Member
Young Professional Members are recent graduates during their initial years as professional geoscientists. The requirements to be a Young Professional Member shall include
Membership Dues for the Young Professional Member will be at one-half (1/2) the Professional Member rate.
2.3.6. Emeritus Member
A Certified Member may be designated "Emeritus" upon request at the age of 65 or older, provided that the Member is no longer actively engaged in the practice of geology for financial gain on a full-time basis. An Emeritus Member may be paid for the occasional professional opinion. The Executive Committee shall have the authority to reduce or waive dues payments for Emeritus Members, individually or as a category.
2.3.7. Non-Practicing Member
Professional Members may be designated "Non-Practicing" upon request at the age of 65 or older, provided that the Member is no longer actively engaged in the practice of geology for financial gain. Those Members who had requested and received “Non-Practicing” status prior to June 24, 2017 and who were not yet 65 will retain their “Non-Practicing” Member status. The Executive Committee shall have the authority to reduce or waive dues payments for Emeritus Members, individually or as a category.
2.3.8. Requirements to be an Adjunct
22.214.171.124. Requirements to be a Student Adjunct
Student Adjunct Members shall be currently enrolled in a geoscience program at a college, university, or similar institution, who shall:
126.96.36.199. Requirements to be an Associate Adjunct
Anyone interested in the profession of geology and the aims of the Institute but who is not qualified for another membership category may be an Associate Adjunct Member. There are no educational requirements to be an Associate. To be an AIPG Associate, one shall:
2.3.9. Continuing Professional Development
A program for recognizing Continuing Professional Development (CPD) activities by AIPG Members has been approved by the Executive Committee. All AIPG Members are encouraged to participate in the CPD Program. Those holding the NLG title must participate in the CPD program. Details about this program can be found on the Institute's web site and descriptions of and discussions concerning the CPD have been and will continue to be published in The Professional Geologist.
Applications for each category of Member or Adjunct shall be submitted in writing and in the form prescribed by the Institute, accompanied by a non-refundable application fee, and, if required by the Executive Committee, the first year's Institute and Section dues. Institute and section dues may be prorated by quarter for NLG, CPG, and Professional Members, and by half-year for Associate andYoung Professional members.
2.4.2. Review of Applications
The Executive Committee shall set the procedures to be used in the review and acceptance of each Member, Adjunct, and other membership category. Such procedures shall be published annually and a copy shall be furnished to each applicant.
2.4.3. Notification of Acceptance
An applicant who has been found to meet the requirements for a category of Member or Adjunct shall be notified promptly of such finding and enrolled in the appropriate category upon payment of applicable dues that are owed.
An applicant may be rejected for failure to meet the requirements prescribed for any category of Member or Adjunct or for any reason that would be sufficient for termination. Any applicant who has been rejected shall be given prompt notice thereof, which shall include a statement of the reason for rejection. Any dues paid with the application may be refunded to the applicant promptly, or retained temporarily, pending the disposition of an appeal of rejection.
2.4.5. Appeal of Rejection
Upon written request by an applicant who has been notified of rejection, the Executive Committee shall review the application and any additional information provided by the applicant or others that has a bearing on the applicant's qualifications. Where reasonable grounds exist in the opinion of the Executive Committee, an applicant shall be afforded a hearing at its next regularly scheduled meeting upon written request. The decision of the Executive Committee, based on such review or hearing, shall be final. If the application was rejected pursuant to Disciplinary Procedures described in Article 9.2.1, the appeals process included in the Disciplinary Procedures shall apply and supersede this Article pursuant to Article 9.2.2.
2.4.6. Advancement to Certified Professional Geologist
Members who have attained the qualifications for Certified Professional Geologist may submit an application in writing and in a form prescribed by the Executive Committee accompanied by a non-refundable application fee, and, if required by the Executive Committee, the first year's Institute and Section dues.
2.4.7. Advancement to Nationally Licensed Geologist
Certified Professional Geologists who have attained the qualifications for Nationally Licensed Geologist may submit an application in writing and in a form prescribed by the Executive Committee accompanied by a non-refundable application fee, and, if required by the Executive Committee, the first year's Institute and Section dues.
2.5. Responsibilities and Rights of Members and Adjuncts
2.5.1. Responsibilities and Obligations
Members and Adjuncts shall:
2.5.2. Rights and Privileges of Certified Professional Geologists
In addition to those rights and privileges that accrue to them as Members, all Certified Professional Geologists in good standing shall have the right and privilege to:
2.5.3. Rights and Privileges of Nationally Licensed Geologists
In addition to those rights and privileges that accrue to them as Members, all Certified Professional Geologists in good standing shall have the right and privilege to:
2.5.4. Rights and Privileges of Members
Members in good standing shall have the right and privilege to:
2.5.5. Rights and Privileges of Students
Students in good standing shall have the right and privilege to:
Students may not present or promote themselves as geologists or imply through their connection with AIPG that they are capable of practicing geology. However, they may present themselves as AIPG Students.
2.5.6. Rights and Privileges of Associates
Associates in good standing shall have the right and privilege to:
Associates may not present or promote themselves as geologists or imply through their connection with AIPG that they are capable of practicing geology. Further, Associates may not use their Adjunct status to imply, directly or indirectly, any endorsement by AIPG of the Associate's products or services. However, they may present themselves as AIPG Associates.
2.6. Section Membership
The address of a Member or Adjunct on file on the date of billing normally determines his or her Section assignment. If special circumstances exist, a Member or Adjunct can contact the Institute to request assignment to a different Section.
2.7. Resignation, Suspension, and Termination
Any Member or Adjunct may resign by submitting a written resignation to the Institute. The resignation shall be "without prejudice" if all dues and obligations to the Institute are paid. The resignation shall be accepted and the resigning Member or Adjunct shall be advised that the privileges of the Institute have been terminated. "Without prejudice" is defined as a condition under which the former Member or Adjunct has no outstanding obligations to the Institute in any form or manner, and is therefore eligible for readmission upon written request within five years.
A Member or Adjunct shall be suspended for failure to pay dues or other amounts owing to the Institute by or within a period of time specified by the Executive Committee after the due date thereof, and shall be notified of the suspension. Upon such notice, all privileges shall be suspended until such obligations have been satisfied. If such obligations have not been satisfied within a period of time fixed by the Executive Committee, a Member or Adjunct may be terminated by the Executive Committee "with prejudice," meaning that the person has not fulfilled the responsibilities and obligations of a Member or Adjunct. Such termination may be recategorized as being "without prejudice" if the individual meets any outstanding obligations, but elects not to remain a Member or Adjunct, within a period of time determined by the Executive Committee.
A Member or Adjunct may be terminated or other discipline may be imposed, with or without prejudice, by action of the Executive Committee or of an officer or committee to which such authority has been delegated by the Executive Committee for:
188.8.131.52. Notice of Prospective Termination
Members or Adjuncts shall be given not less than thirty days written notice of prospective termination, that shall include a statement of the reasons therefore.
184.108.40.206. Appeal of Termination
Upon timely written request of a Member or Adjunct who has been notified of prospective termination (other than termination for default of dues or other obligations or terminations implemented pursuant to the disciplinary procedures adopted by the Executive Committee) made within the notice period, the Executive Committee shall review the case and any additional information provided by the Member or Adjunct or others that has a bearing on the status of the Member or Adjunct. In the absence of such a request, the Member or Adjunct shall be terminated; otherwise, the Executive Committee shall promptly respond to the Member or Adjunct with its findings, confirming, modifying, or rescinding the notice of termination. Following such action and upon timely written request, a Member or Adjunct shall be afforded a hearing at the next regularly scheduled meeting of the Executive Committee. The decision of the Executive Committee, based on such review or hearing, shall be final.
2.7.4. Loss of Rights Granted Members or Adjuncts
Any Member or Adjunct who resigns, whose membership in the Institute is suspended, or who has been terminated shall lose all rights of Institute membership, including the right to claim AIPG certification and use the AIPG seal, if and as applicable.
2.7.5. Reinstatement of Suspended Members or Adjuncts
220.127.116.11. Reinstatement within the Same Calendar Year
Any person who has ceased to be a Member or Adjunct by suspension shall be eligible for reinstatement in the same calendar year upon written request and payment of all outstanding dues and obligations to the Institute and upon providing evidence satisfactory to the Executive Committee that the condition(s) upon which the suspension was based are no longer applicable. The Executive Committee may condition such reinstatement upon the payment of a reasonable reinstatement fee as provided herein in Article 8.2.3.
18.104.22.168. Reinstatement after One Calendar Year
22.214.171.124. In Cases of Termination “With Prejudice” or to Avoid Discipline
Any Member or Adjunct who has been terminated "with prejudice" may be readmitted only by reapplication to the Executive Committee. Such re-application cannot be made for at least six years following the effective date of termination (see AIPG’s Disciplinary Procedures, Section 6.2.4). The re-application should include a thorough discussion of why the conduct that lead to the termination “with prejudice” or avoidance of discipline by another professional organization and professional licensing body will not re-occur and why re-admission to AIPG Membership will not be detrimental to the Institute’s reputation.
3.0 Membership Meetings
3.1. Annual Meeting
3.1.1. Notice to Members
The annual meeting of the Institute shall be held at a time and place determined by the Executive Committee and shall be announced to all Members and Adjuncts at least one hundred twenty days prior to the date of such meeting by notices mailed or announcements published in the official publications of the Institute.
The business at the annual meeting shall include announcement of the election of officers, delivery of reports, discussion of proposed amendments to these Bylaws and the Code of Ethics, and any other business that may properly come before the meeting.
3.2. Special Meetings
Special meetings of the Institute may be called at any time by the President or by the Executive Committee, provided that not less than ten nor more than fifty days of notice setting forth the purpose of such meeting, is given. The business conducted at a special meeting shall be limited to the matters or purposes stated in the notice.
3.3. Quorum at Institute Meetings
A quorum at meetings of the Institute shall be thirty (30) Members, no fewer than fifteen (15) of whom are Certified Professional Geologists.
3.4. Parliamentary Authority
All meetings shall be conducted in accordance with "Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised," to the extent that such rules are practicable and are not superseded by these Bylaws or by other rules or procedures adopted by the Executive Committee.
4.1. Management of the Institute
The affairs of the Institute shall be managed and operated by, or under the direction of, the Executive Committee. For the purposes of applicable laws, the Executive Committee shall be considered the board of directors. The Executive Committee shall be assisted by the Advisory Board, standing and ad hoc committees, and Section officers and committees.
4.2. The Executive Committee
The national Executive Committee shall consist of twelve Members, including the seven officers designated in these Bylaws, namely the President, Vice President, President-elect, immediate Past-President (Past-President), Secretary, Treasurer, and Editor; four Representatives elected by the Advisory Board from among its membership; and a Young Professional member who has at least 16 months of Young Professional status left. Each member of the Executive Committee shall have an equal vote. The presiding officer shall vote on all matters.
The Executive Committee shall meet at least three times each calendar year. One such meeting shall be held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Institute and one may be held at the Institute Headquarters. A quorum of the Executive Committee shall consist of six of its members, no fewer than half of whom are officers.
The duties of the Executive Committee shall be to:
The incoming Executive Committee shall be convened by the incoming President during or after the annual meeting to establish its procedures for the forthcoming year.
4.3. Executive Director
Executive Committee's policies shall be implemented by the Executive Director, who shall have charge of the Institute Headquarters and staff personnel as authorized by the Executive Committee. The Executive Director shall be the person to whom all official notices to the Institute will be addressed, shall be responsible for the physical custody of all official documents held in repository at Institute Headquarters, shall be under the direction of the President, and shall assist in the work of all committees to ensure the effectiveness of all activities of the Institute. The Executive Director shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Executive Committee.
4.4. The Advisory Board
The Advisory Board shall consist of the President-elect, who shall be its presiding officer and who shall vote only in case of tie, and Members of the Institute selected annually from among the Sections of the Institute as provided in these Bylaws.
4.4.2. Section Delegates
The Advisory Board shall include one delegate from each Section of the Institute. Each delegate shall be either the President of the Section or a Member designated by the Section President from the Section Members.
4.4.3. Selection of Advisory Board Delegates
The Delegates to the Advisory Board shall be selected by their respective Sections prior to the Institute's annual meeting to serve on an annual basis beginning with the first day of the first such annual meeting following their selection and ending the last day of the second such annual meeting following their selection.
It is the duty of the Advisory Board to recommend to the Executive Committee the adoption of policies on any matter affecting the Institute and to elect four of its number to the Executive Committee. It shall also assume such other advisory responsibilities as may be requested by the Executive Committee.
The incoming and outgoing Advisory Boards will each meet at the AIPG annual meeting. Meetings of the Advisory Board shall be held upon the call of the President or the President-elect. The President-elect, as presiding officer of the Advisory Board, shall designate one of its members as Secretary of each meeting to record minutes.
4.4.6. Organizational Meeting
The Advisory Board for the succeeding annual period shall be convened by the President-elect at the time of each annual meeting for the purpose of organization and the election of its four representatives on the Executive Committee. Each of the four representatives shall serve a one-year term as a member of the Executive Committee. A Section's representative may not be elected as a representative on the Executive Committee for more than two consecutive years. Advisory Board Representatives to the Executive Committee, when elected, must be members of Sections other than those of which incoming or continuing Institute officers with the exception of the Editor and Young Professional member are members (c.f. Section 5.1.3).
4.4.7. Weighted Voting
Each Advisory Board Delegate shall have one or more votes based on the total number of CPGs, Professional Member, and Young Professional members of the Member's Section as of the first day of the month preceding the month of the annual meeting. Each Section shall be entitled, upon organization, to one vote for its first fifty Members and one additional vote for each one hundred additional Members or major fraction thereof. Accordingly, weighted voting at Advisory Board meetings shall be:
Section Members Votes
|10 - 50||1|
|51 - 150||2|
|151 - 250||3|
|251 - 350||4|
|351 - 450||5|
|451 - 550||6|
This scale shall be continued for each additional increment of 100 as required.
4.5. Liability, Indemnification, and Insurance
Directors and officers of the corporation shall conduct themselves in accordance with the standards set forth in applicable law, and to the extent permitted by law, shall not be personally liable for claims for damages on account of their acts or omissions as directors or officers.
To the greatest extent permitted by law, the Institute shall defend, indemnify, and hold harmless its present and former directors, officers, employees, agents, and others serving in an official capacity on behalf of the Institute, from and against any liability or claims for damages asserted against them by virtue of their positions in the Institute.
The Executive Committee is authorized to procure insurance to protect the Institute and any of its present or former directors, officers, employees, agents, or others serving in an official capacity on behalf of the Institute against liability for claims or damages arising out of their errors, omissions, or intentional acts, whether or not the Institute would have the power to indemnify such person.
5.1. Officers and Terms of Office
The officers of the Institute shall be the President, Vice President, President-elect, immediate Past-President (Past-President), Secretary, Treasurer, Editor, and a Young Professional member. With the exception of the Young Professional member, each officer shall be a Certified Professional Geologist in good standing. The officers and the Young Professional member shall be elected at large by a vote of the Members as provided in these Bylaws.
5.1.2. Duration of Terms
The President shall not be elected directly, but shall succeed to that office from the office of President-elect, and shall serve for a term of one year. The Vice President and President-elect shall be elected annually The Past-President shall not be elected directly, but shall succeed to that office from the office of President, and shall serve for a term of one year. The Secretary, the Treasurer, and the Editor shall be elected for two-year terms; the Secretary and the Editor in odd-numbered years, and the Treasurer in even-numbered years. The Young Professional member shall serve a one-year term. Officers shall assume office on the first day of January of the year immediately following their election and shall continue in office until their respective successors have been elected and qualified. The Editor shall continue in office until a successor has been elected and qualified.
Excluding partial terms filled by reason of a vacancy in office, no person shall hold the office of President, Vice President, Secretary, or Treasurer for more than one consecutive term. No officer except the Editor and the Young Professional member shall be a member of the same Section as another officer or Advisory Board Representatives to the Executive Committee (c.f. Section 4.4.6).
5.2. Nomination and Election of Officers
5.2.1. Nominating Committee
The President shall appoint the members of the Nominating Committee, which shall be chaired by the immediate past President (see Article 5.3.4). The Nominating Committee, prior to the first meeting of the Executive Committee after January 1 of each year, shall submit to the Executive Committee names of candidates who are qualified for each officer position and the Young Professional position to be filled in the ensuing year. The Nominating Committee shall determine which of the primary candidates are willing to serve. In the event that one or more is not, the alternates shall be interviewed in their designated order until the slate is filled. The slate shall then be reported to the Executive Committee.
5.2.2. Additional Nominations
Additional nominations signed by five (5) Professional Members for each nominee may be submitted to the Chairman of the Nominating Committee (the Past President for the year in which the election occurs) at least three weeks prior to the Executive Committee’s winter meeting.
5.2.3. Executive Committee Action
From the nominations thus received, the Executive Committee shall designate two primary candidates for each office except for the Editor to be filled in the ensuing year.
5.2.4. Election of Officers
Election of officers shall be by a ballot. The ballot shall be sent to all Members by May 15. Election shall be by the majority of all qualified ballots cast. In order to be counted, ballots must be received at Institute Headquarters on a date named by the Executive Committee, which date shall be no later than June 30.
5.3. Duties and Powers of Officers
All of the following named officers shall be members of the Executive Committee.
The President shall preside at all meetings of the Institute and of the Executive Committee, and shall perform the duties customary to the office. The President shall be the official spokesperson for and of the Institute, and may authorize others to speak on behalf of the Institute. The President shall appoint all committees and boards of any type and their chairs.
5.3.2. Vice President
In the event of the absence, resignation, death, or disability of the President, the Vice President shall have and assume the powers and duties of the President and such other duties as are required by the Executive Committee. The Vice-President shall maintain liaison between the Executive Committee and the Section Presidents and shall contact each Section President at least once annually to determine the status, condition, problems, and concerns of each Section and to inform the Sections of Executive Committee requests, initiatives, questions, and concerns. The Vice-President shall undertake special projects requested by the President and report periodically thereon.
The President-elect shall serve on the Advisory Board as its presiding officer, shall be responsible for the preparation of the budget for the ensuing fiscal year, and shall undertake special projects requested by the President and report periodically thereon.
The Past-President shall act as advisor to the Executive Committee and shall chair the Nominating Committee (see Article 5.2.1).
The Secretary shall act as the corporate secretary of the Institute and of the Executive Committee and shall keep the records of their proceedings. The Secretary shall supervise the processing of Member and Adjunct applications, as provided in these Bylaws.
The Treasurer shall supervise the collection and disbursement of all funds of the Institute, which shall be deposited in the name of the Institute. The Treasurer shall keep complete and accurate records of all receipts and disbursements and other financial transactions, and of the funds, securities, and other financial investments of the Institute. The Treasurer shall prepare and submit all reports required by law, an annual financial report reviewed by a Certified Public Accountant and audited in years when a new Treasurer is elected, and such interim financial reports as may be required. Originals or copies of all financial documents shall be maintained at the Institute's Headquarters office.
The Editor shall be in charge of the publications of the Institute and shall have authority to solicit, edit, accept, or reject material for publication, subject to policy direction by the Executive Committee. The Editor may appoint assistant editors to serve during the term of office, and shall submit an annual report to the Executive Committee.
5.4. Vacancies in Office
In the event of the resignation, death, or inability of any elected officer other than the President or President-elect to complete a term of office, the Executive Committee shall appoint a Certified Professional Geologist to complete the unexpired term of the officer. A vacancy in the office of President shall be filled by the Vice President. In the event of the resignation or inability of the President-elect to complete the term of office, the Executive Committee shall call for a special election by the Members to fill the vacancy.
The Executive Committee may establish and discharge standing committees as needed.
6.1. Standing Committees
Standing Committees shall include Nominating, Screening, Ethics, Executive Director’s, and Finance. In addition, the standing committees of the Institute may include, without limitation, committees on Honors and Awards, Membership, Annual Meetings, Bylaws, Academic Education, Continuing Professional Development (CPD), Governmental Affairs, Publications, and Member Services. Members of the Screening Committees and the chairmen of other committees must be Certified Professional Geologists. Standing Committees provide a continuing study of problems, perform work required by the Executive Committee, and inform and advise the Executive Committee of developments in their subject areas. The Chairman of each standing committee shall report to the Executive Committee at the annual meeting or at any time designated by the Executive Committee.
6.2. Ad Hoc Committees
The President shall appoint such ad hoc committees as may be needed, each with a sufficient number of Members to study the assignment as directed by the Executive Committee and with instructions to make a report or reports at specific intervals or within a specific time.
6.3. Limitation of Authority
No Member or Adjunct shall have the authority to speak or act for the Institute, except by express delegation of authority from the Executive Committee or the President.
Each Section shall be organized with the approval of the Executive Committee to include Members and Adjuncts from one state only, except that, where there fewer than ten Members in one state, the Members and Adjuncts in that state may join with Members and Adjuncts in a contiguous state or states to form a Section. The Section will be named for the state, states, or regions from which its membership comes. If a Section has fewer than ten Members, or fails to elect officers as provided in its Bylaws, for two consecutive years, its charter may be revoked by a majority vote of the Executive Committee of the Institute. A Section may establish subsidiary districts and chapters within the territory, and under the supervision, of the Section, subject to the approval of the Executive Committee.
7.2. Authority of Sections
A Section may conduct its own affairs so long as they are not in conflict with the Bylaws and policies of the Institute. The Bylaws of Sections shall not conflict with those of the Institute and shall, insofar as is practicable, conform to the recommendations of the Executive Committee. Any changes therein shall take effect only upon approval of the Executive Committee of the Institute. No Section shall have the power to bind or make statements on behalf of the Institute by its action without specific written authority from the Executive Committee or the President of the Institute. If a Section fails to elect, or fill vacancies among, its officers, the President of the Institute may appoint such officers to serve until their successors are elected or appointed. In the event of a failure to comply strictly with the Bylaws and policies of the Institute, the Executive Committee may immediately replace the officers of the Section, revoke its charter and invite a reorganization of the Section, or take other corrective action as it may deem appropriate.
7.2.2. Section Offices and Committees Requiring Certified Membership
A Section may specify in its Bylaws that specified Section Officers must be Certified Professional Geologists.
7.2.3. Section and Local Meetings
Section and local meetings may be organized to suit local needs, provided such meetings do not conflict with meetings of the Institute.
7.2.4. Fiscal Matters
In order to permit the Institute to comply with applicable legal requirements, Sections shall report all receipts, expenditures, and fund balances to the Executive Committee or the Treasurer in the manner and form required. No Section shall engage in any activity or expend any funds for purposes that could create a significant liability exposure for the Institute, or that could threaten the Institute's status as a tax-exempt organization or that conflict with policies of the Institute or of directives of the Executive Committee. In the event of a failure to comply strictly with these requirements, the Executive Committee may immediately replace the officers of the Section, revoke its charter and invite a reorganization of the Section, or take other corrective action as it may deem appropriate.
7.2.5. Section Screening Committee
Applications for Certification as a Professional Geologist should be reviewed by a Section Screening Committee whose members must be Certified Professional Geologists. The Section Screening Committee will act in accordance with procedures adopted by the National Screening Committee.
7.2.6. Other Matters
Sections, as parts of the Institute, shall remain subject to the Institute's Bylaws, policies, and procedures, and to the directives of the Executive Committee.
7.3 Affiliated Societies
A Section of the Institute may affiliate with duly organized groups or societies that serve the needs of the Members and Adjuncts of the Institute in local or regional geographically defined areas, and that function in harmony with the purposes of the Institute. Such affiliations are for long-term relationships. Such affiliations are subject to the recommendations and the affirmative vote of the Executive Committee. Participation in such an affiliation shall not place the Section or the Institute in a subservient or subordinate relationship to the groups or societies which thereby become affiliated, nor shall it create a financial liability for the Section or the Institute. Members and Adjuncts who are members of such an Affiliated Society may be organized into a "District" or "Chapter" of the Section in order to provide close liaison between the Affiliated Society and the Section. See Article 10.1 for further guidance.
A Section of the Institute may participate in alliances composed of organized groups or societies that serve the needs of the Members and Adjuncts of the Institute in geographically defined areas and that function in harmony with the purposes of the Institute. Alliances are for relationships that are short-term or have a specific purpose, for example advocating a specific law or regulation affecting members of the Section and other geoscientists. Such alliances are subject to the recommendations and affirmative vote of the Executive Committee. Participation in such an alliance shall not place the Section or the Institute in a subservient or subordinate relationship to either the alliance or any of its other member groups or societies nor shall it create a financial liability for the Section or the Institute. See Article 10.1 for further guidance.
8.0 Property and Finances
8.1. Fiscal Year
The fiscal year of the Institute and of its Sections shall be the calendar year.
8.2.1. Institute Dues
Annual dues are due and payable on the first day of January. The amount of the dues shall be determined by the Executive Committee. If the annual dues of a Member or Adjunct are not received by February 15, that Member or Adjunct shall be suspended and notified thereof in writing.
8.2.2. Section Dues
Annual Section dues shall be due and payable with the annual dues of the Institute. On or before July 1 of each year, each Section that proposes to change its annual dues shall submit written notification of its proposed change to the Executive Committee of the Institute for approval. In the absence of such notification and approval, each Section's dues shall remain unchanged from the preceding year. Section dues will be included in dues statements mailed to each Member and Adjunct of the Institute. Section dues collected by the Institute will be remitted to the respective Sections periodically, but not less than once per calendar year. All dues and other funds placed under the custody and control of a Section shall be kept in accounts in the name of the Institute and the Section. If a Section fails to submit the annual financial accounting as required under Section 7.2.3 of these Bylaws by April 15, the dues collected by National Headquarters on behalf of that Section for the year in which the report is due shall revert to the National Treasury. Dues held by the National Treasury will be retained in trust for two years. Serving officers and/or officers for the previous year of a delinquent section will be notified by certified mail of this delinquency to affect a cure. If there is no response from the section during this two-year period, these dues will revert to the National General Account.
8.2.3. Reinstatement Fees
Any Member or Adjunct seeking reinstatement upon payment of dues in arrears shall be liable for a reinstatement fee in an amount determined by the Executive Committee. For the purpose of determining any arrearage in dues, Section annual dues shall be considered as being annual dues of the Institute.
8.3. Membership Application Fees
A non-refundable fee shall accompany each application to become a Member or Adjunct. The Executive Committee shall determine the amount of the fee.
8.4 Financial Reviews
The books and accounts of the Institute shall be reviewed and audited as provided in these Bylaws.
9.0 Professional Conduct
9.1. Code of Ethics
The professional conduct of Members and Adjuncts of the Institute shall be governed by the Code of Ethics, to the extent that such Code does not conflict with applicable laws and regulations.
9.1.2. Adoption and Amendment
The Code of Ethics may be adopted and amended in the same manner as these Bylaws.
9.1.3. Investigation and Enforcement
The Institute shall have the authority to investigate alleged violations of the Code of Ethics by Members, Adjuncts, and applicants, and to enforce the provisions thereof by the imposition of appropriate discipline upon Members and Adjuncts and by the rejection of applicants.
9.2. Disciplinary Procedures
9.2.1. Adoption and Publication
The Executive Committee shall adopt disciplinary procedures governing the investigation and disposition of complaints of violation of the Institute's Code of Ethics, and shall publish such procedures in an official publication of the Institute. Such procedures shall provide for notice of charges against a Member or Adjunct, an opportunity to have such charges heard before discipline is imposed, and the opportunity to appeal the imposition of discipline to the Executive Committee.
9.2.2. Exclusive Authority
The Executive Committee shall have exclusive authority over matters of professional conduct and discipline. No Member, Adjunct, committee, or Section of the Institute shall initiate or conduct any investigation or hearing concerning the professional conduct of a Member, Adjunct or applicant, except as permitted by the disciplinary procedures adopted by the Executive Committee.
9.2.3. Applicants to become a Member or Adjunct
No applicant to become any category of Member or Adjunct shall be rejected on the grounds of unprofessional conduct in the absence of a determination, made in accordance with the Institute's disciplinary procedures or specific procedures concerning applicants for such category, that reasonable grounds for such rejection exist.
9.3 Sanctions of Members and Adjuncts
9.3.1 Private Admonition
A Letter of Private Admonition shall be issued in cases where serious deception, fraud, misrepresentation, or professional misconduct is not charged in the Formal Complaint. A Letter of Private Admonition may be accompanied by requirements for additional actions including resignation of national or section office, requirements for additional training, or other remedial actions. Failure to comply with these additional requirements may result in an additional sanction such as reduction in membership grade or suspension if the additional requirements are not completed in the manner and the time specified. A Letter of Private Admonition is appropriate for cases in which a member was found to have failed to possess a required license but for which no charges were substantiated showing that serious deception, fraud, misrepresentation, or professional misconduct was involved.
9.3.2 Reduction of membership grade
A respondent member other than an adjunct member may have his or her membership grade reduced for a specified period and/or until specified remedial action, including additional training, is taken. An adjunct member (student or associate member) cannot be reduced in grade and, therefore, will be subject to another sanction. Reduction in membership grade will be imposed in cases involving violations of the Code of Ethics that did not involve substantial harm to the public or to the profession. This sanction may be imposed in cases involving a ruling of insanity or mental incompetence by a legally constituted authority or involving repeated or flagrant violations of the provisions of any professional licensing board or other professional organization.
Suspension of a Member or Adjunct shall not exceed five years. Suspension can include separation from the Institute or reduction in Member or Adjunct grade. Lifting of a suspension can be made dependent on the suspended Member or Adjunct successfully completing specified education, performance, or review requirements. Suspension is appropriate in cases of more serious or repeated violation(s).
Termination is intended to be permanent separation from the Institute. In extraordinary cases, a terminated member or adjunct may apply to the Executive Committee for the right to reapply for Institute membership no less than six years after the date of termination. Termination of membership shall be imposed for substantial violations of the Code of Ethics involving substantial harm to the public or the profession including, but not limited to, conviction of felonies or other any other offense related to the practice of geology or to bear on the Member's or Adjunct's professional ethics, integrity, and competence.
10.0 Associated Societies and Certification of Practitioners in Related Fields
10.1. Associated Societies
The Institute may, by affirmative vote of the Executive Committee, associate or ally with duly organized groups or societies that serve the needs of Members and Adjuncts of the Institute in topically and/or geographically defined areas; and that by objects, aims, constitutions, bylaws, or practice are functioning in harmony with the purposes of the Institute. Such association or alliance shall not place the Institute or any of its Sections in a subservient or subordinate relationship to the groups or societies which thereby become associated or allied, nor shall it create a financial liability for the Institute or any of its Sections.
10.2. Certification of Practitioners in Related Fields
10.2.1. Certification in Related Fields
The Institute may, by affirmative vote of the Executive Committee, establish programs, separate and distinct from that of Certified Professional Geologist, to certify persons who are practitioners in professions related to geology, but who may not meet the requirements for Certified Professional Geologist, including, but not limited to, geophysics, geochemistry, hydrology, and paleontology.
10.2.2. Specialty Certification
The Institute may, by affirmative vote of the Executive Committee, establish programs to grant specialty certification to Certified Professional Geologists who meet such special additional requirements as the Executive Committee shall establish.
11.1. Amendments by the Membership
These Bylaws may be amended by vote of the Members either by a ballot sent to all members or at an Annual Meeting, except that Articles 2.5.2 and 2.5.3 (the Rights and Privileges of Members and Certified Professional Geologists) may be amended only by a vote of the Certified Professional Geologists.
11.1.1. Amendments by Member Ballot
Subject to the exception set out in Article 11.1 hereof, these Bylaws may be amended by a vote of the Members. Proposed amendments may be submitted by the Executive Committee or in a written petition signed by at least five percent of the Members of the Institute. The Institute shall send each Member a copy of the proposed amendment and an appropriate ballot. An amendment will be adopted if a majority of the ballots received at Institute Headquarters within sixty days after the mailing are marked in favor of the amendment.
11.2. Amendments by Vote at Annual Meeting or Special Meeting
Subject to the exception set out in Article 11.1 hereof, these Bylaws may be amended by a two-thirds majority of those Members present and voting at an Annual Meeting or Special Meeting of the Institute, provided a quorum is present at the time the vote is taken, and further provided that a copy of the proposed amendment has been sent to each Member at least 60 days prior to taking such vote. Publication in The Professional Geologist or its successor Institute publication may serve as this mailing notice.
11.3. Amendments by the Executive Committee
The Executive Committee, by a two-thirds majority vote, may amend any provision of these Bylaws except Articles 2.5.2 and 2.5.3 (the Rights and Privileges of Members and Certified Professional Geologists).
 While the Editor’s and Young Professional’s Section membership is not a bar to a member of those Sections holding Executive Committee including Advisory Board Representative positions, no more than two members of any Section can hold such positions including the Editor and Young Professional position. A Section’s delegate and nominee for Advisory Board Representative can be a Young Professional. It is therefore possible that two or more Young Professionals could serve on the same Executive Committee provided they are from different Sections.
 The President, President-elect, and Vice President are the most common Section officers for which Certification is required. Other Section offices, for example, Treasurer, may also require Certification.
 For example, AIPG has entered into Associated Society relationships with the American Geosciences Institute, the Association of American State Geologists, and the Geological Society of America.